Picasso’s Matador painting from 1970 sold for US $ 17.9 million earlier this year, reach the highest price ever achieved for a work of art by Picasso in Asia.
Following this feat, Acroupie Woman (1954) is expected to bring in between $ 19.2 and $ 29.5 million (150,000,000 HK $ – 230,000,000) dollars, preparing to surpass this previous Asian auction record.
A portrait of Picasso’s late wife, Jacqueline Roque, Crouching woman will be presented in Sotheby’s Hong Kong Modern art and evening sale October 9.
Pablo Picasso | Acroupie Woman, Oil and ripolin on canvas
Established in 1954
92.2 x 73 cm
- Louise Leiris Gallery, Paris
- Collection of Kate and Allan Emil (acquired from the above in 1957)
- Private collection, New York (by donation before 1969)
Estimated price: 150,000,000 HK $ – 230,000,000 (approx. US $ 19.2 and 29.5 million)
Pablo Picasso and Jacqueline
Who is in the portrait?
Acroupie Woman (Crouching Lady, 1954) represents Jacqueline Roque, the last lover and wife of Picasso.
Jacqueline has become the most frequent and long-standing subject of Picasso’s career, appearing in over 400 portraits, surpassing all of her husband’s previous lovers. First appeared in Picasso Jacqueline with Flowers and Jacqueline with Crossed Arms, painted on the successive days of June 2 and 3, 1954 respectively.
The couple first met in 1952, when the Spanish artist was living in Vallauris, a small town on the south coast of France known for its pottery. Picasso was fascinated by ceramics at the time, and the two met while Jacqueline was working at Madoura pottery. This was the studio where he spent a lot of time.
Picasso ended his relationship with his former lover, Françoise Gilot, in 1953. Jacqueline and Picasso will be together for the next 20 years. After their marriage in 1961, she carried the artist through the last chapter of her life and her illustrious career.
Picasso was influenced by various artistic precursors, including Delacroix and Matisse.
Acroupie Woman was the first in a series of paintings which repeated the work of previous masters, giving it immense historical weight.
Delacroix Women of Algiers in their apartment (1834)
When he first meets Jacqueline, Picasso’s keen visual memory immediately links his face to the famous Women of Algiers in their apartment (1834).
The Seated Woman with One Knee Raised on the Right Side of the French Romantic Artist’s Painting has a classic Mediterranean charm very similar to that of Jacqueline. Picasso once tenderly explained this coincidence: “Delacroix had already met Jacqueline.
Henri Matisse and Pablo Picasso were first rivals, then friends
This interest in the oriental world was further accentuated with the influence of Matisse on the works of Picasso. Like Delacroix, Matisse has depicted Turkish odalisques with brilliantly colored ornate backgrounds since 1918.
Shortly after painting Crouching Woman in 1954, Picasso learned of Matisse’s death. An early rival and later a friend of the Spanish artist, Matisse was in the foreground along with his contemporary. “When Matisse died, he left me his odalisques as a legacy.”
A few weeks later, Picasso began to develop his Women of Algiers series, inspired by Jacqueline.
by Matisse Odalisque sitting with plank (1928)
Before Jacqueline moved to the south of France, she was married to a colonial official and lived in Upper Volta (now Burkina Faso). Picasso, who was captivated by African culture for more than half a century, was fascinated by Jacqueline’s experiences on the continent. He once said: “Jacqueline is of African descent.
All of Delacroix, Matisse and Jacqueline inspired Picasso to transform his muse into one of the odalisques so often present in orientalist paintings. In addition to Jacqueline’s physical resemblance to a languid and sensual odalisque, she also had a gentle temperament.
The power dynamic in Pablo and Jacqueline’s relationship is fully reflected in the model’s sitting posture and her gentle gaze meeting that of the artist outside the painting.
Jacqueline’s features in Femme Acroupie represent a change from the sculptural quality Picasso gave them earlier in the series, depicting her with a surreal double face divided into left and right profiles that interlock to create the outlines of a full face.
The layered and interconnected planes create endless visual interest and offer another way to present three-dimensional space in two dimensions. Picasso often used this technique in his paintings of women, echoing previous portraits of Françoise Gilot and Sylvette David.
In the 1950s, Picasso also applied to his paintings techniques he mastered of paper cutting and sheet metal sculpture, constructing multiple angles that allowed him to offer the viewer a full picture of Jacqueline’s charm.
Emil Family Collection
This painting comes directly from the family collection of Kate and Allan Emil since its acquisition in 1957. Acroupie Woman has been exhibited in many art institutions in the United States, including the Washington Gallery of Modern Art and the Saidenberg Gallery.
Part of the Emil family’s art collection has been donated to world-class museums in New York City, including the Metropolitan Museum of Art, the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, and the Museum of Modern Art.
that of Picasso Jacqueline Seated (1954) | Picasso Museum, Malaga
that of Picasso Acroupie Woman (Jacqueline, 1954) | Sold at Christie’s New York, 2017
Picasso drew a series of similar portraits of Jacqueline, including Jacqueline Seated (1954). It is exhibited at the Picasso Museum in Malaga.
that of Picasso Acroupie Woman (Jacqueline, 1954) grossed US $ 36.8 million at Christie’s New York in 2017.
that of Picasso Acroupie Woman (1954) is expected to be another success in this upcoming auction, valued between $ 19.2-29.5 million. dollars.
His The Women of Algiers (Version “O”) painting holds the record for a Picasso painting at auction, selling for $ 179.4 million.
that of Picasso The Women of Algiers (Version “O”, 1955) | Sold at Christie’s New York, 2015
Auction House: Sotheby’s Hong Kong
Date: October 9, 2021
Sale: Evening sale of modern art